United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Mental Health

Self-Help Toolkit: Referral Method overview

 
Banner: Self-Help Tookit
Referral Method overview

Click a question to reveal the answer.


What is 3-Step Referral Method?
  • Recent VA Research found that small modifications to standard self-help referral practices increase patient success rates. The 3-Step Referral Method, an intensive intervention, makes a significant impact on self-help utilization. Namely, it results in more self-help group attendance, increased self-help group involvement, and improved long-term alcohol and drug use outcomes.
Abstinence Rates One Year After Treatment

chart: Abstinence rates one year in the group with 3-step referral method is 10 higher than the standar referral
How does the 3-Step Referral Method differ from Standard Referral Practice?
  • Please note the small but important components that the 3-Step Referral Method adds to standard referral practice.
The Similarities and Differences
Please note the small but important components that the 3-Step Referral Method adds to standard referral practice.

Key Elements of
Standard Referral Practice
Key Elements of
the 3-Step Referral Method
Provide information on self-help
and identify meeting of interest.
Provide information on self-help and identify meeting of interest.
  Link patient with a self-help group member for peer support
Evaluate whether patient attended
a meeting
Evaluate whether patient attended a meeting: If needed, address barriers and brainstorm solutions
Potentially re-refer if unsuccessful Re-refer if patient did not attending a meeting
  Encourage getting a sponsor: If needed, address barriers and brainstorm solutions
  Re-evaluate barriers to meeting attendance as needed