Topic: The chapter examines studies of outcomes
of AA participation among special populations: women, adolescents,
the elderly, racial and ethnic minority groups, disabled individuals,
and people with co-occurring substance abuse and mental illness.
Topic: This chapter reports on recent research findings in the field of substance use treatment and the benefits of self-help group participation. Key topics include: self-help group attendance, involvement, dropout rates, special populations and substance use outcomes.
Topic: This study implemented and evaluated procedures to help clinicians make effective referrals to 12-step self-help groups.
Findings: Linking patients to 12-step volunteers
and using 12-step journals to check on meeting attendance was associated
with improved 12-step group attendance and involvement and substance
Topic: This study examined characteristics of substance use disorder outpatients at intake to treatment that were associated with more 12-step group attendance and involvement, Steps worked, and acceptance of 12-step philosophy.
Findings: Distinguishing baseline characteristics of patients who
attended more 12-step group meetings during follow-up were being
less-educated, more engaged in religious practices, and more extroverted
and interpersonally competent, and having had more previous 12-step
group exposure. More 12-step meeting attendance and involvement were
related to abstinence at 6 months. Associations of attendance with
abstinence were stronger among patients who were younger, white,
less-educated, unstably employed, less religious, and less interpersonally