Reserve and National Guard forces serve with the active duty counterparts in support of our military. Often balancing a life of service with civilian jobs and duties, these Servicemembers generally serve part-time and have a commitment to participate in training drills one weekend a month and two weeks per year.
While the Reserve are under the federal command of their respective military branch (for example, Army Reserve are under the command of the Army) the National Guard is normally organized and controlled by the state. However, in times of war, the National Guard can become federalized and deployed.
Of note, the National Guard is a dual mission force with both a federal and a state mission. Each guardsman holds membership in the National Guard of his or her state and in the National Guard of the United States.
Each Reserve and National Guard service involves different requirements, commitments and responsibilities.